In the Cannabis Industry, there are two subspecies of the genus Cannabis: Sativa and Indica. Then there are Hybrids of both.
Historically speaking, prior to commercialization, Sativa was indigenous to hotter climates closer to the equator in areas like East Asia, while Indica was more indigenous to areas with colder climates. The differences between the geographical climates gave rise to the distinct appearance of each strain:
Sativa: Tall, thin leaves with a hardy body. Lower abundance of flower buds produced however, high native THC content due to longer grow cycle. The general perception is that Sativa strains give mainly an uplifting, cerebral head high.
Sativa strains are said to be more of a stimulant and have a higher level of THC than Indicas, which results in an energetic mind-high. The major qualities of Sativa strains include: anti-anxiety, anti-depressant, treats chronic pain, increases focus and creativity as well as increasing Serotonin. Sativa is generally recommended for day time use
Indica: Broad, thick leaves with a greater abundance of flower buds produced by the female plant. Indica also has a short grow cycle. Indica strains primarily provide a body high.
Indica strains include but are not limited to: increased mental relaxation, muscle relaxation, decreases nausea, decreases acute pain, increases appetite and increases dopamine. Indica plants have higher CBD and lower THC counts. Indica is generally recommended for night-time use.
With the commercialization of Cannabis, cultivators have worked hard to develop plants that have the best features of both strains. This is where the rise of the Hybrid plays into the market. Hybrids are the created middle-ground between Indica and Sativa.Hybrids are a blend between the two, not only with the effects they induce but also with the physiology of the plant itself.